Top 10 Female Chess Players of All Time
Chess is an abstract strategy game that is perhaps the most respectable of all indoor games in the world. What began in Eastern India back in circa 3rd-6th century CE was gradually modified into a game that is not only played internationally but is also part of school curricula. It is played in homes, clubs, online, etc., which goes to show how popular it is. Chess players are among the most respected players in the world, owing to their immense concentration, strategic power, patience and intelligence. Like in all major sports, woman have proven their skill at the game, alongside the men who have mastered chess. Here is a list of the Top 10 Female Chess Players of All Time. Let us take a look.
Top 10 Female Chess Players of All Time
1. Judit Polgár
Hungarian chess grandmaster Judit Polgár was born on 23 July 1976, and is the strongest female chess player in the history of chess. He achieved the title of Grandmaster at the age of just 15 years and 4 months in 1991. Polgár is the only woman to qualify for a World Championship tournament which she achieved in 2005. She is also the only woman till date to cross the 2700 Elo rating barrier. Polgár achieved her career high Elo rating of 2735 till now. Polgár is noted for defeating ten current or former world champions in either rapid or classical chess. She achieved the top place in several international tournaments inclusing Hastings 1993, Madrid 1994, León 1996, U.S. Open 1998, Hoogeveen 1999, Siegman 1999, Japfa 2000, and the Najdorf Memorial 2000. Polgár declared her retirement from competitive chess on 14 August 2014.
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2. Hou Yifan
Chinese chess grandmaster Hou Yifan was born on 27 February 1994, and is known widely as a Chinese chess prodigy. She is the youngest ever to win the Women’s World Chess Champion and also the youngest female player ever to qualify for the title of Grandmaster. Yifan became the youngest player ever to be contested n the FIDE Women’s World Championship Yekaterinburg 2006 and Torino Chess Olympiad 2006 at the age of just 12. She became China’s youngest National Women’s Champion ever in June 2007. She was named as Woman Grandmaster in January 2007 and later as Grandmaster in August 2008. She won the Women’s World Championship in Turkey at the age of 16 and became the youngest Women’s World Chess Champion in chess history. Yifan is currently ranked as the No. 2 female player as of January 2015.
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3. Susan Polgar
Hungarian-born American chess Grandmaster Susan Polgar was born on April 19, 1969, and is renowned for having been a child prodigy at chess. She is also regarded as a pioneer for women in chess and also as an advocate for chess in education. She is the head coach of Texas Tech University for the 2011 and 2012 National Championship and also the head coach of Webster University for the 2013 and 2014 National Championship. Polgar is also the current chief of the Susan Polgar Institute for Chess Excellence at Webster University. She first became the top-ranked woman player at the age of 15 on the July 1984 FIDE Rating List and continued her legacy for the next 23 years. While qualifying for the 1986 “Men’s” World Championship, she first broke the gender barrier in chess history. She achieved the World Blitz and Rapid Championships in 1992.
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4. Maia Chiburdanidze
Georgian chess grandmaster Maia Chiburdanidze was born on17 January 1961, and is the seventh Women’s World Chess Champion. She achieved nine Chess Olympiads till now and is known as the only chess player in history to achieve such feat. She achieved her FIDE Elo rating of 2502 as of January 2011 and became the 14th highest rated female player of all time. She won at the Braşov women’s international tournament in her international chess debut at the age of just 13 in 1974. Chiburdanidze achieved the USSR girls’ championship in 1976 and then won the women’s title in 1977. The same year she was awarded the title of International Women’s Grandmaster. Chiburdanidze was awarded the title of the grandmaster in 1984. She achieved celebrity status as a top Georgian women chess player.
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5. Xie Jun
Chinese chess grandmaster Xie Jun was born on October 30, 1970, and had her reigns as Women’s World Chess Champion in two spells from 1991 to 1996 and again from 1999 to 2001. She the only second woman to achieve two reigns in international standard of chess. Xie became China’s second Grandmaster in 1991 and later married to her former coach and Grandmaster Wu Shaobin. She started playing chess at the age of just 6 and became the girls’ xiangqi champion of Beijing by the age of 10. She held the world number 2 or number 3 spot for much of her career among women chess player. Xie Jun achieved a doctorate in psychology at Beijing Normal University at the end of the 1990s. She became the FIDE Senior Trainer in July 2004.
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6. Nona Gaprindashvili
Georgian chess player Nona Gaprindashvili was born on 3 May 1941, and is the first female Grandmaster and also the sixth women’s world chess champion from 1962 to 1978. She is also regarded by many as the strongest female chess force of her generation. She represented Soviet Union in the Chess Olympiads eleven times from 1963 to 1990 and also represented Georgia in 1992. Gaprindashvili achieved 25 medals in international chess in her active career which includes 9 individual gold medals and 11 team gold medals. She won all the ten games she played at the Olympiad of Dubai 1986. Gaprindashvili achieved the Women’s Soviet Championship five times from 1964 to 1985. A perfume was named after her to honor Gaprindashvili in 1975.
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7. Antoaneta Stefanova
Bulgarian chess grandmaster Antoaneta Stefanova was born on April 19, 1979, and is a former Women’s World Chess Champion. Stefanova is considered by many as one of the most dominant female chess force of modern times. She became the tenth women’s champion in a 64-player knockout tournament held in Elista in 2004. She achieved World Youth Chess Championships at the under 10s Girls section in Aguadilla in 1989. She achieved the title of Grandmaster in June 2003. Antoaneta Stefanova represented Bulgaria in ten Chess Olympiads in her active chess career till now and also became the first Women’s World Rapid Chess Champion in 2012. She recently became the runner-up in the Women’s World Chess Championship in 2012.
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8. Alexandra Kosteniuk
Russian chess Grandmaster Alexandra Konstantinovna Kosteniuk was born on April 23, 1984, and is a former Women’s World Chess Champion. She started playing chess at the age of five under her father’s training. She is the sister of a Woman FIDE Master level chess player Oxana. She contested at the final of the World Women’s Chess Championship at the age of just 17 in 2001. Kosteniuk became the European women‘s champion in 2004 and later won the Russian Women’s Championship in 2005. Kosteniuk became the first Chess960 women’s world champion in August 2006. Kosteniuk achieved the International Grandmaster title in November 2004, and became the tenth woman to receive the title of the World Chess Federation. Kosteniuk is the first woman to achieve the men’s Swiss Championship in 2013.
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9. Xu Yuhua
Chinese chess Grandmaster Xu Yuhua was born on October 29, 1976, and is a former Women’s World Champion from 2006 to 2008. She is the third women’s world chess champion from China. Yuhua achieved the Women’s World Chess Championship knock-out tournament while defeating Alisa Galliamova on March 25, 2006. While winning the Women’s World Chess Championship in 2006, she became the 22nd Grandmaster from China. Yuhua participated in the 2nd FIDE Women Grand Prix held at Nanjing from 27 September to 9 October 2009, and achieved the title of the tournament. Besides her international appearance, she also played for Zhejiang chess club in the China Chess League. Besides his career as an active chess player, she is also a law graduate.
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10. Humpy Koneru
Indian chess Grandmaster Humpy Koneru was born on31 March 1987, and achieved her career high FIDE Elo rating of 2598 on July 2014, which placed her third on the list of female grandmasters. She then achieved the FIDE Elo rating of 2606 in October 2007, and became the second female player to cross the 2600 Elo rating barrier. Koneru held the record of being the youngest woman grandmaster from 2002 to 2008 which she achieved at the age of 15 years 1 month and 27 days. She won the World Junior Girls Chess Championship in 2001 and finished in overall second position at the FIDE Women’s Grand Prix. Koneru then achieved the runner-up position in the FIDE Women’s Grand Prix 2013. She is currently the highest ranking player to be participated in the upcoming Women’s World Chess Championship 2015.
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Women have proven themselves to be great athletes when it comes to different sports that require physical power, be it indoor sports or outdoor sports. When it comes to chess, they have also proven that their minds work equally well. After all, chess is undoubtedly a game of mental power, and these women have mastered such a game that challenges the greatest of minds, and emerged the masters.