Top 10 Most Athletic Indoor Sports
Sports are widely divided into two categories based on where they are played: indoor and outdoor sports. When we think of indoor sports, what mostly comes up in our minds is a game that is played by a host of very geeky people, who might be too thin, plump or weak to be athletic, who sit cooped up in a corner as they think and play. This is perhaps because of the use of the word, ‘indoor’ with the sports. However, what we forget that there are many athletic sports in the world which are categorized as indoor sports, simply because these are played within an enclosed area. Such sports are hugely popular, so much so, in fact, that some of them are at far with outdoor sports like lawn tennis or soccer. If you find that hard to believe, take a look at the list of the Top 10 Most Athletic Indoor Sports.
Top 10 Most Athletic Indoor Sports
Basketball is a sport that is played between two teams of five players each on a rectangular court. The objective of the basketball is to throw the ball in an 18 inch diameter hoop mounted 10 feet above the ground, attached to a backboard at each end. If a basketball player throws from behind the three-point line, it will achieve a score of three points, but if a player throw from in front of the line then it will be a two-point. Usually the tallest player of a team is called a center or power forward, and the short but agile players are called small forward. The player with the best ball handling skills is called shooting guard or point guard. It was invented by a Canadian physical education professor and instructor, Dr. James Naismith, in early December 1891 at the International Young Men’s Christian Association Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts.
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2. Martial Arts
Martial art is a tradition of combat practices mainly for the purpose of self-defense, physical fitness, competition and entertainment, and by many for the physical and spiritual development. Even if the term martial art is now associated with the fighting arts of Asia, it actually originated in Europe during the 1550s. The term martial art is derived from a Latin word that stands for “arts of Mars” who is the Roman god of war. The first evidence of martial art can be traced back in 3400 BC in paintings from the Ancient Egypt and also in the reliefs and the poems from Mesopotamia dating back 3000 BC. In some sketches from Vietnam dating back 2879 BC, can be found the images of combination fighting with sword, stick, bow, and spears. The Chinese martial art was first developed during the Xia Dynasty more than 4000 years ago.
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Boxing is a type of combat sport where two individual players, or boxers fight against each other while throwing punches at each other in a contest which is about about strength, speed, reflexes and endurance. Modern boxing is usually played with gloved hands and the objective of the game is to knock down the opponent player. Boxing is a common event in most international games and is also an Olympic and Commonwealth sport. Boxing also has its own World Championships. This sport is supervised by a referee in a series of rounds with one- to three-minute intervals. The earliest evidence of this sport can be found in Sumerian relief from the 3rd millennium BC. The very first evidence of fighting with gloved hands can be traced on Minoan Crete dating back 1500 BC. Boxing matches started to be organized in rings during the Roman gladiator period around 393 AD.
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4. Table Tennis
Table tennis, often referred as ping pong, is a type of sport played between two or four players by hitting a lightweight ball back and forth on the ping pong table using a table tennis bat. The hard table used in this sport is divided by a net and the players must allow a ball only one bounce on their side of the table. The players also need to return it such a way that it bounces on the opposite side. Table tennis is regulated by International Table Tennis Federation established in 1926. The official rules of this sport are specified in the ITTF handbook. Table tennis is part of the Olympic Games since 1988. Table tennis is originated as an after-dinner parlor game usually played among the upper-class of England during the 19th century. ITTF changed several rules of this sport after the 2000 Olympics in Sydney to make it more entertaining for the television audience.
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Futsal is a type of indoor football usually played on a smaller field and referred as the five-a-side football. The name Futsal was derived from Portuguese word “Futebol de salão” which means “room football”. It is believed to be originated in Brazil in the 1930s and 1940s. Futsal is played by more players than the soccer but does not attract as many spectators as the outdoor soccer. Many players of Futsal later became successful professional soccer players. Futsal is usually played between two teams having five players each on a hard court surface. Futsal was first invented by a teacher from Montevideo, Uruguay, Juan Carlos Ceriani Gravier in 1930 as recreational sport in YMCAs. The rule of this game was first published in September 1933 when it was used to be played on basketball courts.
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Badminton is a variant of the racquet sport played between two individual players or between two teams of two players each on a rectangular court divided by a net. Points can be scored by striking a shuttlecock with a racquet in such a way so that it passes over the net and lands in the opponents’ half of the court. Only one strike per turn is allowed in this game. A shuttlecock generally used in badminton is made out of feather and has the unique aerodynamic properties to fly differently from the balls and decelerate more rapidly than a ball. It is believed to be originated in the British India during mid-1800s by the British military officers. Badminton is a close cousin of ball-badminton which was originated in Tamil Nadu, India and has the similarity of Hanetsuki which originated in Japan. Badminton is also called as Poona as it became popular in the British garrison town Poona or Pune in India.
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Squash is a variant of the racquet sport played between two individual players or between two teams of two players each in a four-walled court with a rubber ball which is generally hollow and small. The participants of this sport must alternate in striking the ball and strike the ball on the playable surfaces of the four walls. It was formerly called squash racquets because of the “squashable” soft ball used in this game. Squash is now governed by IOC and was named as the number one healthiest sport to play by Forbes in 2003. The use of stringed racquets in Squash can be traced back late sixteenth century in England. Modern squash is believed to be invented in Harrow School around 1830 and later speared to other schools thus becoming an international sport event.
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Volleyball is a type of sport usually played between two teams of six players each on a court separated by a net. The objective of this game is to score points by grounding a ball on the court of the opponent team. It is a main event of the Olympics since it was first introduced in the 1964 Summer Olympic Games. A player on one team begins a ‘rally’ by serving the ball from behind the boundary line of the court over the net into the opponent’s court. The opponent team tries not to let the ball grounded and to return the ball to continue the rally. A team can touch the ball up to three times but an individual player of the team cannot touch the ball twice consecutively. Volleyball is usually played by hands or arms but a participant can legally strike or push the volleyball with any part of his/her body.
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Kabaddi is a type of contact sport believed to be originated in Ancient India. The formats of mainstream Kabaddi are national and international Kabaddi. The three main styles of Kabaddi recognized by the International Kabaddi Federation are Sanjeevani, Gaminee and Amar. The national styles are Sanjeevani style, Circle style, Beach Kabaddi and National professional league Kabaddi which are recognised by the Amateur Kabadi Federation of India. This game is also similar to several other sports such as hadudu in Bangladesh, baibalaa in Maldives, sadugudu in Tamil Nadu, Hututu in Maharashtra and chedugudu in Andhra Pradesh. Kabaddi is the national sport of Bangladesh. Kabaddi is believed to be originated in Punjab Region of India as a part of the martial tradition. This game is quite popular in Southern Asia.
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Bowling is a series of sports activity where a player rolls a bowling ball towards a target. The objective of this game is to knock over pins at the end of a lane in the pin bowling variations and usually played on a flat wooden or other synthetic surface. The object of target variations of this game is to get the ball as close to a mark as possible. There are several variants of pin bowling such as en-pin, nine-pin, candlepin, duckpin and five-pin bowling. This sport is currently enjoyed by more than 100 million people in 90 countries all over the world. The earliest evidence of Bowling can be traced to Ancient Egypt and in the Roman Empire. The use of surface and land for bowling dates back to 1299 when it was known as the “Master’s Close”.
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These indoor sports require the same physical fitness, speed, agility, etc. that are required by the outdoor sports. The players who participate in these sports have to invest similar rigor and diligence in practice and exercise. The popular athletic indoor sports fetch as much popularity and earning to the athletes as the outdoor sports do.