Top 10 Winter Sports in the World
Winter is that time of the year which allows all kinds of fun and outdoor activities. It is possible to exert some physical strength, without actually shedding a drop of sweat, all thanks to the cool dry climate. In different countries, this climate varies. In some places, winter means a soothing coolness or a nip in the air. In other places, winter is all about some great white snow. There are certain sports that are played specifically in the winter months, keeping in mind the unique weather conditions, especially the snow and ice. Naturally, these are specialized winter sports that cannot be played at any other time of the year. There are several winter sorts that are played all around the world. Let us take a look at the Top 10 Winter Sports in the World.
Top 10 Winter Sports in the World
starting with list of Top 10 Winter Sports in the World.
1. Alpine snowboarding
Alpine snowboarding is a genre of snowboarding that is usually practiced on groomed pistes. Snowboarding is one of the major events of the Winter Olympics since it was first introduced in the 1998 Olympic Games. 14 gold, 14 silver and 14 bronze what makes a total of 42 Olympic medals has been awarded from 1998 to 2006 in snowboarding. Olympic medals were achieved by 38 snowboarders from 11 National Olympic Committees. Alpine snowboarding gear bears more resemblance to the equipment that are used in skiing rather than the equipment used in traditional snowboarding gear. Boards used in Alpine snowboarding are longer and safer for better carving. Boots of the alpine snowboarders are also hard shell and equipment such as ski helmet are also used because of the high speeds.
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2. Alpine skiing
Alpine skiing also sometime referred as downhill skiing is a recreation of sliding down snow-covered hills on skis. This sport is typically practiced in fixed-heel bindings. Armature and professional snowboarders practise mainly in ski resorts that provide helpful services such as ski lifts, artificial snow making, first aids and restaurants. Alpine skiing equipment, which are typically used by Back-country skiers for marked pistes, are transported mainly by helicopters or snowcats. Elite competitive skiers participate in this genre of winter sports in several major events such as the FIS Alpine World Ski Championships, the World Cup, and the Winter Olympics. It is also recorded that an average between two to four skiers needs medical attention out of every 1000 people skiing in a day.
3. Ice hockey
Ice hockey is a winter sport that is played between two teams of skaters on ice using sticks to shoot a hard rubber ice hockey ball called puck. It is simply known as Hockey in several countries such as Canada and the United States, and also in several European countries such as Latvia and Sweden. “Ice Hockey” is used primarily in those countries where hockey resembles the field hockey such as Asian countries and eastern zones of the world. This winter sport is quite reputed for being a fast-paced physical sport which earned it the nickname “The Fastest Game on Earth”. Ice hockey is the major event of many western countries such as Canada and northern parts of the United States. According to recent statistics, Ice hockey federations are there in 73 countries worldwide.
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4. Figure skating
Individuals, duos or groups perform figure skates on ice in these winter sports of Figure skating. It is also known as the first winter sport included in the Olympics in the year 1908. Currently there are four disciplines in Olympic events that are men’s singles, ladies’ singles, pair skating, and ice dancing. There is also numerous type of figure skating that is practiced worldwide such as synchronized skating and four skating. International figure skating judging and competitions is regulated by The International Skating Union. The organization monitors major events of figure skating such as the Winter Olympics, the World Championships, the World Junior Championships, the European Championships, the Four Continents Championships, and the Grand Prix series. This winter sport is also popular as a show business.
5. Ski jumping
Ski jumping is a form of Nordic skiing where skiers descend a take-off ramp, , jump and fly as far as possible. The take-off ramp phenomenon is called the inrun and points are awarded on the basis of distance of the jump and style. Skis that are used in this sport is wide and long typically from 260 to 275 centimeters. International Ski Federation currently monitors this event of sports and the Ski jumping itself is a part of Winter Olympic Games since it was first introduced in 1924. Besides ice tracks, Ski jumping is also practices on artificial surfaces in summer. It is widely believed that Ski jumping originated in Norway. Olaf Rye, a Norwegian lieutenant, is the first known ski jumper who launched himself 9.5 meters in the air as a show of courage to his fellow soldiers in 1809.
Teams of two or four participants make timed runs down twisting and banked iced tracks in a gravity-powered sled in this winter sport called Bobsled. The first Bobsled tracks were built in St. Moritz, Switzerland. The first sleds designed by the adventurously wealthy to carry passengers were adapted upsized luge or skeletons that resembles boys’ delivery sleds and toboggans. Several types of sleds came in later years after developments were made. The International Bobsleigh and Skeleton Federation also knows as the French Fédération Internationale de Bobsleigh et de Tobogganing currently regulates the International bobsleigh competitions. National Bobsled competitions are governed mainly by United States Bobsled and Skeleton Federation and Bobsleigh Canada Skeleton.
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7. Slopestyle Snowboarding
Slopestyle is a type of winter sport where athletes ski or snowboard down a course that includes variety of obstacles such as rails, jumps and other terrain park features. Amplitude, originality and quality of tricks are the three main things needed for higher points scored. It is regarded by many that the roots of this sport are skateboarding and BMX combined. Twin-tip skis are mainly used in this sport which is particularly useful if the skier lands backwards. There are four main categories of Slopestyle Snowboarding are spins, grinds, grabs and flips. Besides moguls, aerials, cross and half-pipe, Slopestyle is also one of the freestyle snowboarding disciplines. Slopestyle Snowboarding was first introduced as an Olympic event in the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia.
Participants slide stones on a sheet of ice towards a target area in this winter sport called Curling. The main target area is segmented into four concentric circles. This winter sport is related to bowls, boules and shuffleboard. Two teams having four players each take turns sliding heavy, polished granite stones across the ice curling sheet towards circular target marked on the ice field. Good strategy and teamwork are a major demand of this sport for choosing the ideal path and placement of a stone for each situation and for that the sport earned its nickname “chess on ice”. Curling was originated in medieval Scotland. First written references were found in the records of Paisley Abbey, Renfrewshire, in February 1541. Two medial paintings were also found named ‘Winter Landscape with a Bird Trap’ and ‘The Hunters in the Snow’ by Pieter Bruegel the Elder both dated 1565.
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9. Nordic combined
The Nordic combined is a type of winter sports where participants compete in cross-country skiing and ski jumping. There are two main competitions in the genre of winter sports that are the Winter Olympics and the FIS Nordic Combined World Cup. Sadly, there is now women’s competition sanctioned by the International Ski Federation till now. The first major event of Nordic combined was held in Oslo at the first Holmenkollen ski jump in 1892. King Olav V of Norway participated in the Holmenkollen Ski Festival in the 1920s. This event was first introduced in the winter Olympics in 1924. Nordic combined was dominated by the Norwegians and the Finns also had a good grip over this sport. Norwegians dominance was first broke by the West German Georg Thoma when he won the gold medal at the 1960 Winter Olympics.
Skeleton is considered as one of the fast winter sliding sport where participants ride a small sled while lying face down a frozen track. Riders typically experience forces up to 5 g and reach speeds over 130 kilometers per hour. Skeleton got its name from the bony appearance of the sled used in this sport. This winter game was first introduced in the Olympic program for the 2002 Winter Olympics. It was also included twice before that in the Olympic Program in St. Moritz, Switzerland, in 1928 and 1948. Skeleton can be traced as far as 1882 where English soldiers constructed a toboggan track between the towns of Davos and Klosters. Mr. Cornish introduced the now-traditional head-first position in the 1887 Grand National competition in St. Moritz.
The most important international sporting event which has winter sports is the Winter Olympic Games which is held every four years. It features sports that involve snow and ice, unlike the Summer Olympics. The original five sports that were included in the Winter Olympics, i.e. bobsleigh, curling, ice hockey, Nordic skiing and skating, were broken into nine disciplines. Today, there are numerous winter sports that are played during the cold wintry months all over the world.
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